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Wheat is a late summer crop that is harvested till early fall. It can be grown in many parts of the world, and there are different types of wheat that are best suited for different climates. Knowing when to harvest wheat is important for farmers so they can get the most out of their crops. In this guide, we will outline the growing season and growing patterns of wheat so you can better understand when it is harvested.

What is the wheat harvesting process?

The harvesting process of wheat begins with the cutting of wheat heads. This is done using a Combine, which is a machine that cuts the grain and separates it from the chaff (the dry, protective covering around the grain). The combine also cleans the grain so it is ready for storage. Once the wheat is cut, it is gathered into bundles called shocks. These shocks are then left in the field to dry for a few days before they are gathered and taken to a thresher.

A thresher is a machine that separates the wheat grain from the straw (the dried stalk of the wheat planted). The grain is then cleaned again and stored until it is ready to be used.

How do you know when the wheat is ripe and ready to harvest?

There are a few ways to tell if wheat is ripe and ready to harvest.

Color of the wheat head

Wheat is one of the most important crops in the world. It is used to make flour, bread, pasta, and other foods. The color of the wheat head tells farmers when it is time to harvest the crop. The wheat head should be golden brown in color when harvesting. When the wheat head is not golden in color, it means that the grain has been damaged and will not be used as food. This is because the higher the levels of chlorophyll, the more sugar will be present in the grain, which will create a sweeter flavor and a more attractive, golden  appearance.

The firmness of the wheat head

Wheat heads are firm and have a slightly crisp texture. This is because the wheat head is made up of hard, outer layers of the grain that protect the softer center. The firmness of the wheat head is one of the factors that affect how well it cooks. You should be able to press your finger into the wheat head without leaving an imprint. 

The firmness of wheat heads can be used to determine how fresh the grain is. The firmer the head, the fresher the grain. Wheat heads that are hard and do not pop under pressure are usually more than a week old.

Bend test

When wheat is mature, take a handful of its stalks and bend it. If they snap cleanly, then wheat is to harvest. If they bend or break unevenly, then they need more time to mature.

A bend test for wheat is a simple, yet an important, way to know when the wheat is ready to harvest. The bend test measures the point at which a piece of wheat will break when bent. If the wheat is mature, the bend point will be at an angle of  38-42 degrees. Harvesting wheat when the bend point is below 34 degrees means that the grain has reached its maturity and can be processed into flour.

Seed test

Wheat should be harvested when the grain is dry and has a hard crust. To determine when the wheat is ready to harvest, a seed test can be done. The test measures how much starch is present in the grain.

In order to do a seed test, cut open a wheat head and inspect the seeds. They should be hard and dry, and the seed coat should be brown.

What time of year is wheat harvested generally?

Wheat is harvested during fall in most parts of the world. The grain is collected by hand and threshed to separate the kernel from the chaff. The kernel is then ground into flour and sold. Wheat is harvested during the fall, winter, and late spring season just before early summer. The fall harvest is usually in September or October, the winter harvest in December or January, and the spring harvest in March or April.

When is wheat harvested in different parts of the world?

The harvesting season for wheat varies depending on what part of the world you are in. In North America, wheat is typically harvested from June to August. In Europe, the harvesting season begins in July and ends in September. In Asia, the season begins in October and ends in December.

The harvesting time of Hard Red Winter wheat

The hard red winter wheat is a type of wheat that is grown in cooler parts of the world. The grain has a hard outer shell that needs to be removed before the kernel can be tasted. The harvest time for this wheat is harvested in late summer or the early autumn.

The harvesting time of Soft Red Winter wheat

Soft red winter wheat can be harvested anytime from September through December. This variety has a higher yield and better quality when harvested in late fall or early winter. Growing winter wheat is  successful if you properly prepare the ground, choose the right time of year, and use the proper equipment.

The harvesting time of Hard White wheat

The harvest time of Hard White wheat is October to December. The wheat is harvested when the grain is ripe and the flour has a fine texture. The hard white wheat has a high protein content and is used in bread, pasta, pastry doughs, and other baked goods.

The harvesting time of Spring wheat

Using modern techniques, the Spring wheat harvest is done around the end of April. In the past, farmers had to wait for long period for the crop to mature.  However, new technology is allowing farmers to harvest their wheat in early spring or even during earlier times of the growing season, with a shorter wait for buyers.

The harvesting time of Soft White wheat

The main harvesting time for this type of wheat is from September through November. This is when the grain maturity is at its peak and it will have the most flour. There are a few ways to harvest soft white wheat, such as by hand or by using a combine.

The harvesting time of Durum wheat

Durum wheat is one of the oldest cereals grown on earth. The harvesting months of Durum wheat are from late September to early November. This is when the gluten in the grain has been completely broken down, making it ready for milling and baking. In order to get the best quality wheat flour, durum wheat must be milled at a very low temperature, which gives it a unique flavor and a slightly chewy texture.

What is a wheat lifecycle?

Following steps are involved in a wheat lifecycle

1) The planting process: Sowing the wheat seeds

2) Germination: The sprouting of the wheat plant

3) Growth: The plant's early development

4) Flowering and reproduction: The flowering stage and the production of wheat grains

5) Maturity and harvest: The harvesting of the wheat when it is mature 

Before planting, make sure to keep 1 thing in mind, any weed within a range of 2 miles must be killed at least 2 weeks prior to planting. If there are any traces of unwanted plants,they can bring many diseases which will later harm the crop.

How can weather conditions affect the harvesting process?

Cold weather can cause delays in the harvesting process. If it is raining, the wheat heads will become wet and will need to dry out before they can be harvested. If it is too windy, the wheat heads will dry out too quickly and will not be able to mature properly. Heat can also be a problem, as it can cause the wheat to ripen too quickly. All of these weather conditions can affect the quality of the wheat grain.

What are other problems that can occur during the harvesting process?

There are a few common problems that can occur during the harvesting process. One is that the wheat heads may not be cut cleanly, which can damage the grain. Another problem is that the straw may not be separated from the grain properly, which can lead to contamination. Finally, the wheat may not be dried properly, which can lead to mold or insects infesting the grain.


Wheat is harvested when the grain has reached its mature stage. The earliest stage of wheat harvesting is called the hard red wheat (HRW) stage. After the HRW stage, the grain is considered to be at its medium red wheat (MRW) stage. The final stage of wheat harvesting is the soft red winter wheat (SRW) stage. After harvesting, you can enjoy different wheat products including bread, breakfast cereals, biscuits, pizza, pasta, etc. There are different factors that come into play to determine  when wheat will harvest, such as weather conditions and crop yield.

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