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Looking to harvest some bell peppers? Wondering when is the best time to do so? Check out this blog post for all the information you need on harvesting bell peppers! We'll go over some useful information on the best time to pick bell peppers, how to know when they're ripe and more. So read on d to know about harvesting bell peppers!

When do bell peppers ripen?

Bell peppers ripen at different times depending on the variety. Some might take a few weeks, while others might take up to a month. The most important thing to remember is that bell peppers will become sweeter and tastier as they ripen.

Bell peppers can also be planted indoors too. Their fruits are ripened when they change color, become firm to the touch, and release their juice. The fruits will usually ripen after they have been picked and stored in a cool place. Typically, bell peppers will be ready to eat 6-8 weeks after picking.

The best time to pick bell peppers

Bell peppers, similar to jalapeno peppers, are basically harvested in 3 phases if we divide their harvesting season-wise.

Early harvesting: June and July

Bell peppers are a popular vegetable that can be eaten fresh or cooked. In many areas, people plant bell peppers earlier so they are ready to harvest in June and July. This early harvesting allows the bell peppers to reach their peak flavor and sweetness.

The best time to harvest bell peppers is in the early morning before the heat of the day kicks in. Harvesting bell peppers before they reach their peak of ripeness results in a juicier pepper.

Mid-season harvesting: August

Bell peppers are a warm-weather crop that can be harvested in August. During the early stages of bell pepper harvest, the pepper plants may be prone to losing some fruits. Therefore, it is important to maintain good irrigation and fertilization during this time. Once the fruits have matured, the peppers can be picked by hand or with a harvester.

Late harvesting: September and October

Bell peppers are a popular vegetable that can be harvested in late September and October. However, many people do not realize that this is when the bell peppers are at their best. The sugars in the bell peppers are at their highest point and they are even sweeter than when they are harvested earlier in the season.

Factors to consider before picking bell peppers

Other than harvesting season-wise, there are some other factors that need to be noted while harvesting bell pepper.


Check the temperature to determine when bell peppers are ripe. Bell peppers are generally ready to harvest when the fruit has slightly wrinkled skin and the interior is soft to the touch. The temperature at which bell peppers are ripe can be determined by gently touching one.


The most common way to see whether bell pepper is ripe or not so is to look for certain signs. One sign that bell peppers are ready to harvest is when the fruit has turned a deep red color. Bell peppers are hot peppers and a source of spicy condiment that is used in many dishes. It can vary in color from light green to black, with a bumpy texture.

The best way of picking bell peppers is to look for bell pepper  that is firm and has no blemishes or bruises. Additionally, bell peppers will typically be soft to the touch and will have a slightly sweet taste.x


Bell peppers can vary a lot in size, but when they are ready to harvest, the fruits will be somewhere between 3 and 5 inches in length and 1 and 1.5 inches in width. Once the bell peppers reach these dimensions, they are generally considered ripe and are ready to for cooked or eating.

How Big Should bell peppers be before picking?

Most bell peppers are ready to pick when they are about the size of a tennis ball. However, you can also pick them when they are bigger or smaller, depending on what you want to do after picking bell peppers. If you want to eat them raw, then pick them when they are smaller so that they are easier to chew. If you're going to cook bell peppers, then you can pick them when they are bigger so that they will be more filling.


The pepper should be picked when it is ready for eating. To determine when the pepper is ready for picking, feel the fruit.  If the pepper is soft and has smooth texture, it is ready for picking.

What happens if you pick peppers too early?

Peppers are a delicious and versatile vegetable that can be enjoyed in a variety of dishes. However, If you harvest peppers too early, it can result in immature texture and bland taste. If you're looking for peppers that are fully mature and have a rich  flavor, wait until they are at least two inches long.

Harvesting peppers before they are fully mature will encourage the plant to produce more flowers and, thus, more peppers. Although  slightly immature peppers may not taste as sweet as fully ripened peppers, they are safe to eat.

Phases of Ripeness for Bell Peppers

Bell peppers can be eaten at any stage during their ripening process. They will become sweeter in taste if they are left on the vine for longer period. . Following are the different phases of ripeness for bell peppers.

Green Bell Peppers

In this first phase, the bell pepper is immature and has a slightly sour taste. The skin will be smooth and the color will be light green. Mature green bell peppers are edible. They are best used in dishes that require a mild flavor.

Red Bell Peppers

This bell pepper will be completely red and the sweetness will be at its peak. The skin will be smooth and the color will be a vibrant red. Red bell peppers are edible. They are best used in dishes that require a sweet pepper.

Yellow-Orange Bell Peppers

These bell peppers will be yellow-orange and their sweetness will start to fade. The skin will be smooth and the color will be orange-yellow. Yellow and orange bell peppers are also edible. They are best used in dishes that require a mildly sweet flavor.

Black Bell Peppers

These bell peppers will be black and their sweetness will be gone. The skin will be smooth and the color will be a deep black. Black bell peppers are inedible.

Green peppers are basically the first phase of ripeness while black color shows the last phase. This black color appears when peppers are exposed to extreme light or cold temperatures.

How to pick bell peppers

As soon as a pepper plant starts to produce peppers which are close to maturity,– pick at least half of maturing green peppers to consume.. There is no hard and fast rule to pick a bell pepper. You can either pull it off the parent plant or cut it off. If you're going to cut it, make sure you use a sharp knife so that you don't damage the plant.

Ripe peppers may detach easily from the plant stem with a gentle twist. Harvest the first fruits produced by healthy plants and cut the seeds out. Each fruit should get you around 200 seeds. To pick a bell pepper by hand, hold it in one hand and twist it off the stem. You can also cut the pepper off the stem with a knife. Bell peppers will be good for about two weeks after they are stored in the fridge.

Preserving your bell peppers after harvesting

The following ways could be used to preserve your bell peppers.

Drying peppers

Bell peppers can be preserved by drying. They can be eaten as is, or used in recipes. Drying process for storing bell peppers preserves them for up to 6 months. The steps involved in drying bell peppers involve removing the stem, cutting it into thin slices, removing the seeds and ribs, and placing the bell peppers on a baking sheet. The baking sheet with peppers should be placed in a dehydrator at 135 degrees Fahrenheit for 3-5 hours.

Pickling peppers

Canning or pickling is a great way to preserve peppers for long-term storage. One of the easiest ways to can peppers is to pickle it. Pickling is the process of preserving peppers in vinegar or brine. Bell peppers are an excellent choice for pickling because they are a member of the cucumber family and are low in water content. They are also a good source of Vitamin C and Vitamin B6.

Freezing Bell Peppers

If you want to preserve your bell peppers for later use, freezing them is a great way to do so. Bell peppers can last in the freezer for up to six months. Before freezing, wash and dry the bell peppers. Remove the stem, seeds, and ribs. Cut the bell peppers into thin slices and place them in a freezer bag. Label the bag with the name of the vegetable, the contents, and the date.

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